An exterminator is a person who performs pest control services. Their job duties include identifying and inspecting pest infestations, choosing, mixing, and applying pesticides to remove unwanted animals, plants, or insects, such as rodents, termites, cockroaches, and bed bugs. They may also use mechanical traps and baits, and they may drill holes to access infested areas of buildings or homes. Other services they provide may include repairing pest damage, cleaning up after spraying pesticides, and providing advice on preventive pest control techniques.
People who call exterminators often have a specific problem that they want to solve. They are usually looking for someone to take care of a temporary issue such as an insect or rodent infestation, or they may have a long-term pest management strategy in mind. The type of Exterminator needed will depend on the type of pest and the location of the infestation.
During the first half of the 20th century, the main role of exterminators was to kill pests, and this is still an important part of their work. But with the advent of DDT and other new pesticides, exterminators began to focus on controlling pests without killing them all. Whether pesticides are used for killing or controlling, they need to be applied properly to avoid harming humans and pets, and they should only be used as a last resort in cases where no other options are available.
Pest control companies vary in size, and they often specialize in particular types of pests or particular settings. Those that offer residential services, for example, typically focus on insects and rodents, while those that serve commercial clients may be more geared toward termites or other wood-destroying pests. The largest exterminator companies are Rentokil, Orkin, and Terminix, and they compete for clients by offering different packages and by making service calls quickly and efficiently.
One of the most important things homeowners can do to help reduce the need for exterminator services is to keep their houses clean and uncluttered. They should store food in sealed containers, dispose of garbage regularly, and make sure that trees and shrubs are trimmed away from the house to deny access by pests. They should also repair cracks and openings in the home’s foundation and elsewhere, and they should regularly check and treat for pests such as termites, ants, and roaches.
When a homeowner calls an exterminator, they may ask them to set up long-term prevention methods, such as eliminating food sources or sealing entry points. These measures may be more effective than DIY solutions and are less likely to cause harm to children, pets, or neighbors. Long-term prevention strategies can also save money on future treatments by reducing the need for expensive exterminator services.